June 25, 1976: On this day Missouri Governor Christopher S. Bond rescinded the Extermination Order signed by Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs in 1838 declaring Mormons enemies of Missouri that must be "exterminated or driven from the State . . . ".
June 23, 1794: Catherine II, Empress of Russia, consents to Jews inhabiting Kiev.
June 10, 1692: On this day Bridget Bishop was hanged on Gallows Hill. She was the first victim of the Salem witch trials.
June 9, 1549: On this day the Church of England adopted the Book of Common Prayer. While the formal break with the Catholic Church occurred under Henry VIII it was not until Edward VI's ascension that the Book of Common Prayer provided uniform liturgy in English for the nation.
June 6, 1391: After the preaching of Ferrand Martinez, Archdeacon of Ecija, mobs attack Jews in Seville, Spain. The synagogue is destroyed and at least 4,000 Jews murdered while 1,000 other Jews convert and are baptized, becoming "Conversos" or "New Christians."
June 3, 1140: Peter Abelard of France, pre-eminent scholar, philosopher and theologian of his time, was found guilty of heresy on this day.
June 2, 1692: Bridget Bishop is tried as a witch in Salem, Massachusetts.
June 1, 1660: Convicted of repeatedly breaking Massachusetts Bay Colony's law forbidding Quakers to enter its jurisdiction, Mary Dyer, a Quaker, is hanged in Boston and buried in an unmarked grave in Boston Common.
May 30, 1431: After a politically motivated trial, Joan of Arc was convicted of heresy, a capital offense, and burned at the stake on this day in Rouen, France. To prevent distribution of relics of her body, her remains were burned twice more and then the ashes were scattered in the River Seine.
May 27, 1529: In Posing, Hungary 30 Jews are accused and convicted of blood ritual, a belief that Jews murder Christians to obtain their blood for use in Jewish rituals. The convicted Jews were then burned at the stake.
April 1, 1979: Iran by 99% vote becomes an Islamic Republic.
August 17, 1915: Leo Max Frank, an American Jew was lynched in Marietta, Georgia. Many historians believe he was innocent of the murder he was lynched for. The lynching was conducted by many influential people including a former governor of Georgia, the son of a Congress member, lawyers, physicians, mayors, sheriffs and others. As a result, about half of Georgia's Jews migrated from the state.
August 13, 1553: In Geneva, Switzerland John Calvin orders the arrest of Michael Servetus for heresy.
July 5, 1589: Due to their Catholic faith, George Nichols, Richard Yaxley, Thomas Belson and Humphrey Pritchard were hung in Oxford near New College.
June 19, 1269: In France, Jews found in public without their identifying yellow badge were fined 10 livres of silver on orders from King Louis IX.
June 11, 1963: Thich Quang Duc, a Buddhist monk, protesting South Vietnamese government discrimination against the Buddhist majority sets himself on fire after being doused in gasoline. His heart remained, even after another cremation.
June 4, 1391: Jews in Seville, Spain were attacked and murdered after Archdeacon Ferrant Martinez preached hatred against Jews. The destruction of Jewish property and attacks against them eventually spread to other areas inhabited by Jews.
May 30, 1431: Joan of Arc was burned at the state in Rouen, France.
May 6, 1536: Henry VIII, King of England, orders a Bible in English be placed in every church in England. Readers were provided for the illiterate so they could hear the Scriptures read to them in English. The decree's purpose was to enable the English to read from the Bible that the Pope was not the head of the church but the English monarch was.
April 29, 1967: Muhammad Ali is stripped of his boxing title because the day before he refused to become a member of the United States Army claiming his conscience prevented him from fighting in the Viet Nam War.